Create

Create Record

user := User{Name: "Jinzhu", Age: 18, Birthday: time.Now()}

db.NewRecord(user) // => returns `true` as primary key is blank

db.Create(&user)

db.NewRecord(user) // => return `false` after `user` created

Default Values

You could define field’s default value with tag, for example:

type Animal struct {
ID int64
Name string `gorm:"default:'galeone'"`
Age int64
}

Then the inserting SQL will exclude those fields that don’t have value or having zero values, after insert the record into database, gorm will load those fields’s value from database.

var animal = Animal{Age: 99, Name: ""}
db.Create(&animal)
// INSERT INTO animals("age") values('99');
// SELECT name from animals WHERE ID=111; // the returning primary key is 111
// animal.Name => 'galeone'

NOTE all fields having zero value, like 0, '', false or other zero values won’t be saved into database but will use its default value, it you want to avoid this, consider to use pointer type or scanner/valuer, e.g:

// Use pointer value
type User struct {
gorm.Model
Name string
Age *int `gorm:"default:18"`
}

// Use scanner/valuer
type User struct {
gorm.Model
Name string
Age sql.NullInt64 `gorm:"default:18"`
}

Setting Field Values In Hooks

If you want to update field’s value in BeforeCreate hook, you could use scope.SetColumn, for example:

func (user *User) BeforeCreate(scope *gorm.Scope) error {
scope.SetColumn("ID", uuid.New())
return nil
}

Extra Creating option

// Add extra SQL option for inserting SQL
db.Set("gorm:insert_option", "ON CONFLICT").Create(&product)
// INSERT INTO products (name, code) VALUES ("name", "code") ON CONFLICT;